October 2020 marks the 6th anniversary of the appointment of Special Rapporteur on the negative impact of Unilateral Coercive Measures (UCM) on enjoyment of human rights by the Human Rights Council with the mandate, inter alia, to make recommendations on means to prevent, minimize and redress the adverse impact of UCMs. The main purpose of the Special Rapporteur’s mandate is to ensure that human rights are not violated by any UCM in particular economic sanctions. In this regards, the Special Rapporteur is mandated to document the negative impacts associated with the application of sanctions with a view to promote accountability of those responsible for human rights violations resulting from application of such unilateral measures. Now, after six years since the establishment of a new mechanism to combat UCMs we want to discuss its achievements and challenges by the new appointed Special Rapporteur, Professor Alena Douhan, who was appointed in early 2020 by the Human Rights Council, at its 43rd session, as the Special Rapporteur on the negative impact of the unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights. Professor Douhan shares her ideas on how the UN Special Procedure may contribute to protection of human rights affected by unilateral economic sanctions.