In 1996, California was the first state to adopt a constitutional ban on race-based and sex-based affirmative action. Proposition 209 ended California’s governmental institutions from considering race, gender, or ethnicity in government contracting. Several states, including Washington and Michigan, followed suit. The negative impact on Black, Latino, and women owned construction businesses remains alarming. In November, Californians will head back to the polls to vote on Proposition 16, which would reverse Proposition 209. This session will take a look at the legal and economic implications of Proposition 16 in the backdrop of 2020’s summer of racial unrest and the global pandemic.