For the production of ancient coinage, it was well-known that form follows function. In order to produce a legal coin, it was necessary to have the correct materials and strict controls for its standardized design and production. It is then that the legitimate authority (emperor, empire) approves the striking of a disk or lump of metal, of a certain purity and weight, to produce the official coin that can be used as legal tender. The authority certifies that the newly minted coin is the legal currency, at least within the area governed by that power.
Although the manufacture and production of ancient coinage involve simple tools, their fine quality, design, and extremely beautiful details speak otherwise.
This presentation will focus on various points:
Metals that have been used for the production of ancient coinage;
The tools necessary to produce coinage;
The stages of coinage production;
The manufacturing techniques, casting, and striking commenting on the benefits of each and on defects that can help in their study;
The different features and characteristics between Ptolemaic and Roman coinage.
Instructor: Almoatz-bellah Elshahawi