In this two hour block, we will review the general perspective of coins, some medals, and paper money that compose Mexican Numismatics. We will cover the period from 1492 to 1925. The highlights of this topic are the coinage of Charles and Johanna (1536 - 1571), cobs (1572 - 1733), and klippes (1733 - 1734), on the oddly shaped coinage. We will glance at the Pillar series (1732 - 1771), busts (1772 - 1810), and War of Independence (1810 - 1822) reviewing the issues made by the Emergency Mints outside of Mexico City. Once Mexico gained its independence from Spain we will touch on Iturbide's coinage and some of the 14 Republican Mints (1822 - 1905). During the French Invasion, coins on behalf of Maximilian were made as the Emperor of Mexico (1863 - 1867), followed by the Republican issues (1867 - 1905). The establishment of the banking system appeared in 1864 and with that the first issues of paper money walked on the streets of Mexico City, extending to the rest of the Republic (1864 - 1915). In 1905 a Monetary Reform occurred and the coin design changed some. By 1913 the first issues of the Mexican Revolución appeared in coins and paper money, ending in 1917 altogether. We will stop this meteoric review with the establishment of the Banco de México, the equivalent of the Federal Reserve, in 1925.
Instructor: Ricardo de Leon Tallavas, author and Mexican coinage expert