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Revisiting Santa Cruz de Terrenate Presidio
Free Zoom online "Third Thursday Food for Thought" presentation by archaeologist Dr. Deni J. Seymour, sponsored by Old Pueblo Archaeology Center

Oct 15, 2020 07:00 PM in Arizona

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Speakers

Dr. Deni J. Seymour
Archaeologist @University of Texas, El Paso
Deni Seymour is an archaeologist, ethnographer, and ethnohistorian with a three-decade personal and professional knowledge about and interaction with indigenous peoples of the southern Southwest. Dr. Seymour is an acclaimed authority on this region’s Spanish colonial period with special knowledge of the Protohistoric and Historic period Native American and Spanish colonial cultures. She is a widely published, award-winning author with over 100 scholarly refereed articles and 6 books. She applies information gained from the study of human behavior and diversity to understand the past and to inform and shape approaches to issues of concern to modern-day tribes. Her current work focuses on the O’odham and other peoples using multiple lines and forms of evidence to weave together information relevant to history, heritage, and identity. She is currently involved in several ethnographic projects and has multiple affiliations, mostly recent as faculty with the University of Texas, El Paso.
Santa Cruz de Terrenate
In 1775-1776 the Spanish colonial government created a series of presidios (forts) along the northern frontier of New Spain to provide the missions, settlers, and Christianized Indians with military protection from Apaches and other mobile Natives. One of the three presidios established in Arizona, and the best preserved of all presidios in the American Southwest, was Santa Cruz de Terrenate along the San Pedro River near Sierra Vista. Founded in 1775 and abandoned in 1780, Santa Cruz housed Spanish soldiers and civilians plus Ópata, O’odham, and other Indian scouts, laborers, and domestic servants. This presidio was originally excavated by Charles Di Peso almost 70 years ago, and more recently Dr. Seymour carried out excavations there revealing much new information about the Spanish occupation, the earlier Sobaípuri O’odham village, and the nature of life at this remote outpost. As usual, her findings run counter to many of the “established truths” of this frontier region.