Aristotle’s natural philosophy in the Middle Ages
Between the 12th and the 13th century, a wave of translations made accessible to the Latins an extensive amount of Greek and Arabic scientific and philosophical texts. Suddenly, Aristotle’s philosophy became the foundation of studies in every European university. Analysed, revised and contested to this day, Aristotle’s physics deeply influenced the western conception of nature and its laws.
The first part of the presentation will analyse the historical and institutional context that characterizes the medieval reception of Aristotle’s natural philosophy, with particular attention to the Latin translations of his works, the key role of Aristotelian philosophy within the Faculty of Arts of the main universities (Paris and Oxford), and the vast production of commentaries on Aristotelian works.
Following, it will focus on two significant cases of the medieval reception of Aristotelian natural philosophy, which show the philosophical value and originality of medieval speculation: (1) the debate on final causality; (2) the debate on the ontological status of movement.
The event is curated by Aurora Panzica (Fellow Roma Calling 2020/2021).