Professor Ourida Mostefai, Brown University
Following the advent of the French and Haitian Revolutions, a massive exodus displaced thousands of people across Europe and the Atlantic world. It is estimated that between 1789 and 1794, approximately 150,000 French men, women, and children left their homeland. Another 30,000 people fled from the Caribbean after the Revolution at Saint-Domingue while approximately 20,000 people left for America. This period thus witnessed what can arguably be described as the first truly modern international migration crisis. This massive and diverse emigration, which produced a rich literature of exile was to exert a lasting influence on politics, literature, and culture, and became a recognized feature of modern political life.