Most archaeologists working in Israel try to avoid politics; they will claim that what they do is apolitical—strictly academic. But is this so? In this presentation by Professor David Ilan, we will look at how archaeology in Israel and Palestine operates, how it is budgeted, and what its agenda is. We will examine the priorities of different stakeholders and the ways in which archaeology is used to forward political and cultural narratives. On the surface archaeology may appear to be apolitical, but it almost never is.