William and Catherine Booth may have been responsible for the rise of the Salvation Army in Victorian East London, but the character and development of their Protestant organization owed a tremendous amount to their earliest lieutenant—George Scott Railton (1849-1913). Recruited from Wesleyan Methodist circles in the early 1870s, Railton helped to fashion or fortify many fundamental features of Salvationist identity, such as Christian militarism, female ministry, self-denial and sensational tactics. And even more significantly, he was the first Salvationist to view these distinctive attributes from an international perspective, envisioning them as the best ways to win the world for Christ. Inheriting a global outlook from his missionary parents, Railton effectively became the father of Salvation Army world missions. In print and in practice, he did the most to transform the Salvation Army into a multinational evangelical movement.