A healthy forest consists of more than just vigorously growing trees. An intact understory of forbs and “middlestory” of shrubs is also important to support wildlife, biodiversity, and soil health. This class will briefly discuss managing some of the most common unwanted vegetation such as ivy, blackberry, and holly. Then we’ll dive into the details of replacing the unwanted weeds by planting shade tolerant wildflowers, grasses, and native shrubs. We’ll capture some of the key species that wildlife and forest pollinator species use, and share some take-home lessons from our planting trials in the Tualatin Mountains northwest of Portland.