Kazakhstan is rich in natural resources including coal, oil, natural gas and uranium. Kazakhstan has 11% of the world's uranium resources and in 2019 produced about 22,808 tU. It has been the world's leading uranium producer since 2009, with a 43% share of world production in 2019.
In spite of this, the country is currently dependent upon fossil fuels for power generation. Coal represents around half of Kazakhstan’s energy mix (50% in 2018), followed by oil and natural gas (both with 25% shares). In May 2013, the Green Economy Concept was adopted, setting the ambitious target of 50% electricity generation from sources other than coal or oil, including gas, nuclear and renewable energy, by 2050.
The decision to build a nuclear power plant in Kazakhstan has been considered by the government to help diversify the country’s energy supplies. In 2006, Kazakhstan launched an exploratory project to identify the pros and cons of constructing a nuclear plant.
- Dr. Timur Zhantikin, Director General, Kazakhstan Nuclear Power Plant
- Natalya Izmailova, Head of NSTC, Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kazakhstan