Historically, men and women were confined to rigidly defined social roles determined by sex. Women were expected to find a man to protect and provide for them, and then stay at home and raise children. Men were expected to protect and provide for women, through military service and employment outside the home. Personality traits were ascribed to match and reinforce this paradigm. Men came to be stereotyped as dominant, aggressive, non-nurturing. Women came to be stereotyped as passive, frail, and nurturing. The past fifty years has seen a wholesale rejection of this Gender Paradigm. Educational programs and a wide array of anti-discrimination laws ensure that women are no longer confined to traditional sex roles, and that they have at least as much opportunity for employment outside the home as men traditionally had. For the most part, they have been successful. Excluding farm labor and self-employment, women now outnumber men in the workforce. Women now serve alongside men in military combat positions. This course examines whether family courts have kept pace with these changes, and explores possible explanations for why they have not. The focus of this course is on the operation and reinforcement of the Gender Paradigm in the areas of child custody and domestic violence.