EWJ - Shared screen with speaker view
Who can see your viewing activity?
What do the Tatars' own records say?
First Zionist Congress
The Eretz Israel Museum in Tel Aviv ( near Beit Hatfusot) had an exhibit on Jewish bankers in Palestine in the 19th Century and this seemed to reflect trade across the Ottoman Empire.
Benny Morris tracks increase in population in Palestine- end of 19th and 20th century and found both Muslim and Jewish population in same census tracks.
Linda W Wolf
When were these JCA colonies?
Jewish National Home
I spoke my high school Spanish easily with Ladino speakers in Turkey in the 1980s.
My sense is that Ladino feels old fashioned to modern Spanish speakers, which makes sense as it preserves 15th Century Castilian Spanish