Russia always had way more hospital beds than we did in the West. mthey have been trying to reduce that number. it would be interesting to see whether the reform has been slower in the Far North.
Could you talk about the changing demography of Russia's Arctic cities. Are labor migrants from Central Asia and elsewhere populating the cities or are they living largely in construction sites outside of cities or in smaller towns? How are demographic changes affecting the cities?
Marlene Laruelle, GWU
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Marlene Laruelle, GWU
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Could you discuss unemployment in Russia's arctic cities -- and also the issue of 'company towns' ?
George V. Reynoldson
How might the cities you are studying be directly involved with the new Russian climate change action plan?
Hi Bob, thanks for presenting! I was wondering if you could talk about how waste dumping is affecting human health
Could you please speak to how Russia is dealing with thawing permafrost challenges to infrastructure (pipelines, road, etc)?
I’m curious about your sense of the sustainability of cities across the Arctic region as a whole. We see very little investment in Arctic cities in North America, whereas Russia seems to be attempting to build up cities, economic infrastructure like deep sea ports, and defense infrastructure as part of a long-term policy of establishing their claims to resources and access to the Arctic. Is that sustainable? What environmental concerns does that raise? Should the U.S./Canada respond in kind?
This is Georgy Korshunov (from Komi republic, high north region of Russia). Could I ask two questions to prof. Orttung with voice?
that study, if I recall correctly, was done before last year’s study showing Permafrost melt in 2019 was what we were expecting in 2090. as for the comparison with Sochi, if the rate of corruption is as high in Permafrost remediation, the real cost would bemseveral timesmthe estimate.
Yeah, Vorkuta become more and more ghost city, I agree
Thank you, Bob, and all.
Thank you for a great discussion!
THank you Robert! and thanks. I hope my questions were not boring
Thank you very much!