Professional Planning and African American Inclusion: The Early Years
Planning emerged as a progressive era profession in the first decade of the 20th century. However, it was decades later before the first African American earned the professional degree in the discipline. And since then, the number of African American planners has remained small relative to the percentage of the U.S. Black population. Based upon historical research in progress, this presentation highlights the experiences of the African American planner and their efforts towards inclusion, equity, and social justice in the planning movement and through the American Planning Association into the 1980s.